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June 18, 1918 [Tartigny], France
Utilization of information of the enemy.
1. Commanders of companies, infantry and machine gun, have stated, in several instances, that they have never seen photographs of the enemy’s organization in their front and that frequently they have been compelled to arrange for their patrolling by means of small scale maps. If this is the case, it means that many opportunities for capturing prisoners have been lost and it also means that the lives of our men and officers have been needlessly risked or sacrificed.
2. Photographs have been furnished regiments of their entire front. The attention of company commanders in the front line should be called to the interesting points on the photographs, (organized shell holes, advance posts, etc.). It is not fair to the officers and soldiers to require them to work in No Man’s Land without giving them the benefit of every assistance possible. The enemy takes advantage of every item of information he secures regarding our troops. We must do likewise in order to successfully compete with him, no matter how courageous our men may be.
Document Copy Text Source: Records of the American Expeditionary Forces (World War I) (RG 120), Records of the First Division, Historical File, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Typed memorandum.
Recommended Citation: The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, ed. Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens (Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 1, “The Soldierly Spirit,” December 1880-June 1939 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981), pp. 143-44.