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First Division War Diary Entry
July 17, 1917 Gondrecourt, France
. . . 2. The Chief of Staff and his assistants inspected the offices and working arrangements of the General Staff Officers of the 47th French Division.1 It was decided to adopt virtually the same arrangement for this Division, excepting the 1st Bureau of the French organization which corresponds to our Division Adjutant’s Office.2
G. C. M.
Document Copy Text Source: Records of the American Expeditionary Forces (World War I) (RG 120), Records of General Headquarters (GHQ), War Diaries, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Diary entry signed.
1. The Forty-seventh Chasseur Division, commanded by General de Poudrygain, had been sent to Gondrecourt to assist in training the First Division. The French soldiers “made a wonderful impression on our men,” Marshall wrote afterwards. (Marshall, Memoirs, p. 18.)
2. The French General Staff was divided into four bureaus; to each of these the United States Army gave a “G” (General Staff) designation.
1st Bureau (Personnel)= G-1 (Personnel and Training)
2nd Bureau (Intelligence)= G-2 (Intelligence)
3rd Bureau (Operations) = G-3 (Operations)
4th Bureau (Supply)= G-4 (Logistics)
At A.E.F. General Headquarters, Training was made G-5.
Recommended Citation: The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, ed. Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens (Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 1, “The Soldierly Spirit,” December 1880-June 1939 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981), p. 115.