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Editorial Note on Return to United States
September 1-17, 1919
Following General Pershing’s mid-August, whirlwind tour of Italy—Rome, Venice, the Piave River battlefields, Verona, Milan, and back to Paris in six days—Marshall completed arrangements for leaving France. On September 1, Pershing and his personal party of fifteen boarded the Leviathan at Brest. On the morning of the eighth, the ship docked in New York City, and two days later Marshall rode with the two other aides behind Pershing and just ahead of the First Division in the city’s mammoth victory parade. The party entrained on the morning of September 12 for Washington, D.C., where they arrived that evening, following a brief stop in Philadelphia. Five days later, on the seventeenth, Marshall again followed Pershing down the capital’s Pennsylvania Avenue in the last of the great victory parades.
General Pershing was given special permission to maintain a headquarters in Washington separate from that of Chief of Staff Peyton March. The 105 officers and enlisted men assigned to that post were to assist Pershing in processing the American Expeditionary Forces’ records and in writing the final reports.
Recommended Citation: The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, ed. Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens (Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 1, “The Soldierly Spirit,” December 1880-June 1939 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981), p. 192.