Francis Pickens Miller Papers
Francis Pickens Miller (1895-1978), a Kentucky native, had a long career of military and public service. After graduating from Washington and Lee University in 1914, Miller served in France with the AEF. Following WW I Miller was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University. During WW II Miller worked in military intelligence for both OSS and SHAEF. Virginia politics attracted Miller in the 1950s. In1949 he unsuccessfully challenged John Battle for the Democratic nomination for governor; in 1952 Miller unsuccessfully ran for the U.S. Senate.
The collection consists largely of material relating to Colonel Miller’s military career. Included is information of Miller’s WW I service in the artillery; his WW II career in military intelligence (at both OSS and SHAEF); the Office of Military Government for Germany, U.S. (OMGUS); the Senate Investigation of the National Defense Program (1946-1947); and the Army Reserve, Virginia Military District. Miller’s personal file, 1944-1952, and a General File are also included. The collection is arranged chronologically by subject and is divided into seven series. Items in the collection are: military intelligence reports (including information of OSS Operation Sussex, and the attempted assassination of Hitler in July 1944); correspondence; orders; Senate testimony and reports; newsletters; bulletins; maps; photographs; Hitler memorabilia; pamphlets; notes; passes; I.D. cards; and receipts. Papers dealing with Miller’s political career are at the Alderman Library at the University of Virginia.